Today, I’m going to focus on a variety of methods used to create shading or tone using ink. When drawing using a pen you can use hatching, cross hatching, stippling and scribbling. Everything else is just a variation on those four methods. When at school, I spent a couple of weeks trying each of these but have never really gone back to them since.
Hatching and Cross Hatching
To do any hatching you just draw lines in one direction, but for cross hatching, as the name suggests you go on many. The teapot above has both, the lines are not parallel and few areas are outlined. Additionally different nib sizes were used, which I don’t think I’ve ever done. I usually use hatching but made a special effort today to do some cross hatching, see below. The other thing to note is you don’t have to be neat, in many ways it adds character to your piece if you don’t. You also never have to make squares to cross hatch, you can go in any direction and keep doing at different angles for your darkest tones.